Description & Extraction:
This aromatic perennial grows about 1meter (3 feet) high and is a popular
ingredient in wax candles, as an insect repellant, and is also widely used
in perfumes, soaps, skin lotions and deodorants. It is extracted from a
hardy grass, native to Sri Lanka and Java. Although this essential oil has
been typecast as an insect repellant (especially for malaria carrying
mosquitoes), it also has great benefit in clearing the mind, refreshing
rooms and for softening skin, while combating oily skin and sweaty feet.
Citronella oil is extracted from Cymbopogon nardus (also known as Andropogon
nardus) and is of the Graminae (Poaceae) family. It is also known as Sri
Lanka or Lenabatu citronella. Citronella oil is extracted by the steam
distillation of finely chopped fresh, dried or part-dried grass. It blends
well with bergamot, geranium, lemon, orange, lavender and pine.
The main chemical components of citronella oil are citronellic acid,
borneol, citronellol, geraniol, nerol, citral, citronellal, camphene,
dipentene and limonene.
Citronella oil has a slightly sweet, lemony smell. The therapeutic
properties of citronella oil are antiseptic, bactericidal, deodorant,
diaphoretic, insecticide, parasitic, tonic and stimulant. Citronella oil is
not only of benefit in its use as an insecticide, but its antiseptic
properties make it a great boon when wishing to clear a sickroom. It also
has an excellent effect on clearing the mind. It may be used for combating
excessive perspiration and for balancing oily skin, as well as fighting
intestinal parasites and bringing down fever.
Uses & Precaution:
- Citronella oil helps to clear the mind and has a general toning and
tonic effect on the body.
- It is helpful with colds, flu and minor infections and also has
- Citronella oil's most useful quality is that of it being an insect
- It is best used in a spray, a diffuser or on a cotton ball amongst
linen. It is also useful in ridding cats and dogs of fleas.
- Citronella oil may irritate sensitive skin and cause dermatitis in
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Product Details :
||As mentioned on Label
||Fresh and sweet
||Cymbopogon Winterianus Jowitt
||0.8820 to 0.8875 at 23oc (0.8845)
||(-) 2o to (-) 4o at 23oc (-3.2)
||1.4750 to 1.4885 at 23oc (1.4880)
||0.5 to 3.5 (2.1)
||20 to 40 (31.5)
|Ester Number After Acetylation
||250 to 280
||70 to 80% (Calculated as Geraniol)
|21.5 to 35% (Hydroxylamine Hydrochoride Method)
||Soluble in 0.8 to 1.5 vol. of 80% alcohol
|Appearance ||Light yellow to yellow clear liquid|
|Odour||With a strong sweet grass aroma|
|Relative density ||0.888 - 0.892|
|Refractive index||1.470 - 1.474|
|Optical rotation ||-7 to -13 deg|
|Solubility||Easy soluble in 95% ethanol|
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