Botanical name: juniperus oxycedrus
Description & extraction:
Cade tree is very variable in shape, forming a spreading shrub 2–3 m
tall to a small erect tree 10–15 m tall. It has needle-like leaves in
whorls of three; the leaves are green, 5–20 mm long and 1–2 mm
broad, with a double white stomatal band (split by a green midrib) on the
inner surface. It is usually dioeciously, with separate male and female
plants. The oil is resinous, a darkish brown color, and has a strange wary
smell which is even caustic and tar-like (not surprisingly, as creosol forms
the main constituent of creosote). The principal constituents: phenols
(creosol, guaiacol), sesquiterpenes (cadinene) and terpenes. The only
methods of extracting essential oils are through steam distillation and
the composition of essential oils is typically complicated and requires
much understanding. Each essential oil is made up of numerous different
organic molecules. What gives every essential oil its uniqueness is not just
one of its constituents, but the whole, delicate and complex admixture. The
individual perfume of each oil depends on this balance; the therapeutic
value of each oil depends on it too. It is the number of constituents of oil
which make it almost impossible to reproduce exactly with synthetic
ingredients. The reaction between these constituents and their component
molecules gives the oil its therapeutic value, which is why man-made
imitations never have the same power to heal as their natural counterparts.
Cade Essential oils are very toxic, particularly to vulnerable people like
the old, the very young, and pregnant women. On the whole, this toxicity of
essential oils applies to an oil when taken internally, which is something I
am passionately against. Certain of these toxins in certain oils can be
dangerous when applied externally (or inhaled), and I have given clear
warnings where necessary throughout the book. In many cases, though, because
of a balance of constituents in the oil, or because of a balance of more
than one essential oil in a remedy (or even just because of the calming
influence of a certain carrier oil), the oil can still be used safely. It is
usually only when potentially dangerous oils are used in too large
quantities that the dangers become a reality and for this reason the
proportions of essential oils recommended must be respected. One must
remember that one little drop of an essential oil represents between 25 and
35 g (1 and 1 1/4 oz) of the plant itself. Proportion is the key to
Uses & Precaution:
- Cade oil is the essential oil obtained through destructive
distillation of the wood of this shrub. It is dark, aromatic oil with a
strong smoky smell which is used in some cosmetics and (traditional)
skin treatment drugs, as well as incense.
- Cade oil should not be used on broken or inflamed skin. Use with
caution on face, skin flexures or on genital organs.
- In case of spontaneous vomiting, be sure that vomit can freely drain
because of danger of suffocation. Only when conscious, rinse mouth with
plenty of water and give plenty of water to drink - (approx 500ml).
Obtain medical attention if adverse symptoms occur.
- SKIN: Wash affected area with plenty of soap and water.
- EYES: Rinse immediately with plenty of water for at least 5
minutes while lifting the eye lids. Seek medical attention. Continue to
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Physico-Chemical Properties: -
||As mention on label
||Dark Red Brown colour
||Strong Empyreumatic Tar-like odour & Warm Bitter taste
|Specific Gravity At 25o C
||1.000 To 1.050 (1.035)
|Refractive Index At 20o C
||1.535 To 1.545 (1.540)
||-4 To +4o (+2)
||Solubility in 5 Vol of 95% Alcohol & more