Botanical name: ocimum basilicum
Description & extraction:
Basil oil or sweet basil is a common name for the culinary herb ocimum
basilicum and it is extracted by the process of steam distillation. Basil
can also be propagated very reliably from cuttings in exactly the same
manner as 'busy lizzie', with the stems of short cuttings suspended for two
weeks or so in water until roots develop. Once a stem produces flowers,
foliage production stops on that stem, the stem becomes woody, and essential
oil production declines. To prevent this, a basil-grower may pinch off any
flower stems before they are fully mature. Because only the blooming stem is
so affected, some stems can be pinched for leaf production, while others are
left to bloom for decoration or seeds. Basil oil is pale greenish-yellow in
color and has thin consistency and strength of initial aroma is medium. It
is a watery viscosity. It is sweet, herbaceous, licorice like, slightly
campherous. Basil oil blends with bergamot, celeray sage, clove bud,
geranium, lime, lemon, hysoop, juniper, eucalyptus, neroli, marjoram,
rosemary, melissa and lavender.
Basil Oil has such different scents because the herb has a number of
different essential oils that come together in different proportions for
various breeds. The strong clove scent of sweet basil is derived from
Eugenol, the same chemical as actual cloves. Other chemical that help to
produce the distinctive scents of many Basils i.e. Citronellol, Linalool,
Myrcene, Pinene, Ocimene, Terpineol, Linalyl Acetate, Eugenol etc.
Basil Oil showed antifungal and insect-repelling properties and it is
confirmed that extracts from the plant are very toxic to mosquitoes.
However, the plant is not toxic to rats also there are no equivalent reports
of its use against humans. Uses & Precaution:
- Basil is very sensitive to cold, with best growth in hot, dry
conditions. It behaves as an annual if there is any chance of a frost.
- Basil Oil used in Asian drinks and desserts such as falooda or
- It is used for their medicinal properties in Ayurveda, the
traditional medicinal system of India and Siddha medicine, a traditional
Tamil system of medicine. They are also used as drinks in Southeast
- It is used for respiratory tract and is often used for asthma,
bronchitis and sinus infections.
- Basil oil is very effective and in cases of constipation, nausea,
vomiting and cramp etc.
- It is very useful for the arthritis as well used on the skin.
- It is a good treatment for itching from bites and stings from honey
bees, insects even snakes.
Use Basil Oil sparingly and with caution. High doses may be carcinogenic
especially for those basils that contain a significant amount of methyl
chavicol. Avoid in cases of liver problems. Avoid Basil Oil during
pregnancy. Use extreme caution when using oils with children and give
children only the gentlest oils at extremely low doses. It is safest to
consult a qualified aromatherapy practitioner before using essential oils
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Organoleptic Properties: -
||As Mentioned On Label
||Yellow to Pale Yellow colour
||Typical odour of Eugenol
||0.0° to - 5.0° (-2.3°)
|Refractive index (at 25°C)
||1.500 - 1.550(1.530)
|Specific gravity (at 25°C)
||1.010 - 1.050(1.030)
||65.0 - 75.0 % w/w(69 %+)
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